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Coco, or coconut coir, is a popular growing medium used in gardening, hydroponics and horticulture for several reasons:
Excellent Water Retention: Coco has excellent water retention properties, meaning it can hold moisture well while still providing good drainage. It can absorb and retain up to 10 times its weight in water, providing a consistent moisture level to plants. This characteristic helps prevent overwatering and root rot.
Enhanced Aeration: Coco has a fibrous structure that allows for better air circulation within the growing medium. This helps roots access oxygen, which is essential for healthy root development and plant growth. The improved aeration also prevents compaction of the medium.
pH Neutral and Low EC: Coco has a neutral pH level, which means it is not overly acidic or alkaline. This neutrality allows for more precise control over nutrient uptake by the plants. Additionally, coco has a low electrical conductivity (EC), which means it contains minimal amounts of salts, reducing the risk of nutrient imbalances.